(courtesy post from Aurora Lipper at http://www.sciencelearningspace.com/ )
This is one of those ‘chemistry magic show’ type of experiments to wow your friends and family. Here’s the scoop: you take a cup of clear liquid, add it to another cup of clear liquid, stir for ten seconds, and you’ll see a color change, a state change from liquid to solid, and you can pull a rubber-like bouncy ball right out of the cup.
If you have trouble locating the ingredients, you can order them online at http://www.sciencelearningspace.com/ .
- Sodium Silicate (from Unit 3)
- Ethyl Alcohol (check your pharmacy)
- Disposable cups (at least two – and don’t use your kitchen glassware, as you’ll never get it clean again)
- Popsicle sticks (again, use something disposable to stir with)
1. In one cup, measure four tablespoons of sodium silicate solution (it should be a liquid). Sodium silicate can be irritating to the skin for some people, so wear rubber gloves when doing this experiment!
2. Measure 1 tablespoon of ethyl alcohol into a second cup. Ethyl alcohol is extremely flammable—cap it and keep out of reach when not in use.
3. Pour the alcohol into the sodium silicate solution and stir with a Popsicle stick.
4. You’ll see a color change (clear to milky-white) and a state change (liquid to a solid clump.
5. Using gloves, gather up the polymer ball and firmly squeeze it in your hands.
6. Compress it into the shape you want—is it a sphere, or do you prefer a dodecahedron?
7. Bounce it!
8. Be patient when squeezing the compound together. If it breaks apart and crumbles, gather up the pieces and firmly press together.
Store your bouncy ball in a Ziploc bag!
What Do You Think Is Going On?
Silicones are water repellent, so you’ll find that food dye doesn’t color your bouncy ball. You’ll find silicone in greases, oils, hydraulic fluids, and electrical insulators.
The sodium silicate is a long polymer chain of alternating silicon and oxygen atoms. When ethanol (ethyl alcohol) is added, it bridges and connects the polymer chains together by cross-linking them.
Think of a rope ladder—the wooden rungs are the cross-linking agents (the ethanol) and the two ropes are the polymer chains (sodium silicate).
Questions to Ask
1. Before the reaction, what was the sodium silicate like? Was it a solid, liquid, or gas? What color was it? Was it slippery, grainy, viscous, etc.?
2. What was the ethanol like before the reaction?
3. How is the product (the bouncy ball) different from the two chemicals in the beginning?
4. Was the bouncy ball the only molecule that was formed?
5. Was this reaction a physical or chemical change?
Did you know? Silly putty is actually a mixture of silicone and chalk!